The government of the United States administers the provision of treatment and assistance to citizens with mental and substance abuse problem through an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services, called Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Established by Congress in 1992, SAMHSA administers four offices that handle specific sectors in the substance abuse and mental health field, namely the Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS), the Center for Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP), the Center for Substance Abuse Treatment (CSAT), and the Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ).
The agency’s main goal is to reduce problematic cases related to substance abuse and mental health by focusing not only on the treatment of people who are already dealing with the problem, but also on any preventive actions that can potentially reduce the occurrence of those problematic cases. To achieve such goal, SAMHSA deals not only with the management of mental health care in the country, but also with problems that potentially give rise to depression, substance abuse, and other similar problems, such as homelessness, public awareness, and public support. SAMHSA’s endeavor is heavily linked to that of other agencies within the same department and those outside the jurisdiction of the Department of Health and Human Services.